**Let me know if this belongs in the Tool category of the forum. Didn’t really know where to place it**
I’ve done several projects with pine using my trusty 1920’s Stanley Bailey No. 4 and No. 5 and not had an issue. I can get super thin shavings no problem.
However, I recently started a new project and chose some red oak to build it with (first time using hardwood). When I went to surface plane the oak to get rid of manufacturing marks with a freshly sharpened plane, I couldn’t get the plane to bite at all! (in either direction). I flipped the board on it edge and tried planing that and had to push down really hard to get a shaving. I tried adjusting the depth and squareness of the blade to the wood but nothing helped.
My plane sole is flat and the blade can shave the hair from my arm, so I don’t really know where to go next. I see Paul effortlessly shaving oak and I try to sharpen my planes exactly like him, and its worked until now.
Any advice would be appreciated.
I did not try shifting the frog back. I will tomorrow. How far should I shift it back? I think right now it meets the bed just behind the top of the back slant of the mouth (like 2 mm away from it if that makes sense)
And yes the blade does protrude through the sole. I’ve tried to take thin shavings all the way to way-too-thick of a shaving and the plane just doesn’t want to bite.
The wrong angle sounds resonable. But I had the same problem once. I resharpened and reset the angle a couple of times and it didn’t fix the problem. Then, as someone else suggested, I noticed I had put the blade in upside down. Turning the blade over fixed it for me. :-). Post some pictures.
Just had this happen to me recently too on an old Bailey #5! I am a big fan of Paul’s convex macro bevel but I guess I overdid it a little the last time I was sharpening and got an angle that was too large right near the blade (I believe) so that the plane actually rode the bevel. I resharpened with a shallower convex bevel which solved the problem. Hope that helps!
UPDATE: PROBLEM SOLVED!
As it turns out, the issue was indeed the steep angle at which I was sharpening. The hump of the convex bevel was preventing the cutting edge from making contact with the wood so it just glided over. I suppose the reason it worked on pine for so long is because when I pushed down, the pine just compressed, but the oak is too hard for that.
Anyways, thanks to everyone for helping!
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