Making a Wooden Plane – Episode 2

Wooden Planes Episode 2

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In this episode, Paul shows us how to shape the bottom of the plane to certain radii, and shape the wedge to allow the shavings to escape from the mouth of the plane.


  1. Eddy Flynn on 15 January 2014 at 3:56 pm

    thank you Paul for de-mystifying the art of plane making .

  2. STEVE MASSIE on 15 January 2014 at 4:48 pm

    Thanks Paul, I am really anxious to start making a couple of these planes and watching your techniques is very helpful. It will be interesting to see how you make the iron as well.


  3. Xavi Molina on 15 January 2014 at 5:45 pm

    Wow!!!! very interenting video Paul. Thanks thanks thanks!!!!

  4. David Gill on 15 January 2014 at 8:40 pm

    Brilliant skillful video Paul , you make it look so effortless,

  5. EricH on 15 January 2014 at 9:16 pm

    I am astounded by the simplicity of creating the curved sole. In the mind it is easy to imagine it a much more complex process. The wedge in your example fit nearly perfectly. If one discovered that wasn’t the case, what are some options to adjust the wedge and/or slot. I have seen Japanese made files for this purpose, but it seems that they may cause more harm than good.

    • Paul Sellers on 16 January 2014 at 9:20 pm

      A sharp and well set plane will allow you to adjust the wedge by small fractions of a mm. You can adjust each side independently by a very, very slight tilt. it takes only a second or twoo to do this.

  6. patrickanderson on 15 January 2014 at 10:23 pm

    Where’s Ken at? He’s always the first or second to post on a new video.

    • david o'sullivan on 15 January 2014 at 11:26 pm

      i think that Ken has left us patrick .i will miss him thought he was witty

    • cagenuts on 16 January 2014 at 12:27 pm

      I think he’s now a Richard Maguire groupie. I saw a post over that where he mumbled about Paul’s ‘my way or the highway’ attitude.

      Could be wrong……….

      • Eddy Flynn on 16 January 2014 at 2:17 pm

        your not wrong ! and a very bad comment he made there if its not Kens way its the highway

        • patrickanderson on 16 January 2014 at 4:06 pm

          I did see his comment over there so that was why I asked. People are so amusing sometimes.

          • RL on 16 January 2014 at 4:52 pm

            He threatened to leave this forum several times- once because not enough people thanked him for posting links to youtube videos!- and he finally did leave a few weeks ago.

    • Joseph Sellers on 16 January 2014 at 5:24 pm

      Yes, he does seem to have left. However, I wish him all the best. I don’t know why he left.

      I plan to delete these comments. I don’t mind that they were made, I just don’t think they will be relevant or make sense to people who read them in a year’s time.

  7. Greg Merritt on 15 January 2014 at 11:10 pm

    I love reading Paul’s blog and learn a lot from it. But there is no comparison to seeing him do it. I know I’m a visual learner and I’m still astounded at the difference watching the videos makes for me.
    Thank you once more Paul and crew.

    • david o'sullivan on 15 January 2014 at 11:25 pm

      i agree 100% Greg .i am a visual learner also .and Pauls methods ,approach and explanation give me the confidence to give it a try. thats why i find magazines frustrating i can never work out how they get from one aspect of a project to the next .however by paul suggesting to keep a journal with diagrams i am improving .must get myself some beech.

    • STEVE MASSIE on 16 January 2014 at 6:10 pm

      Greg I am in your camp, I learn by seeing. I like the idea of a Journal and have tried to keep one but my Drawing ability freehand is pretty bad. I have NO talent there. I enjoy Paul and his crew and look forward to the blog and woodworking masterclasses.

      I do hate to hear Ken may have parted way’s though.

      At any rate Paul and Staff keep up the good work.


    • Paul Sellers on 16 January 2014 at 9:23 pm

      You are most welcome. I always come away thinking I should have done this or that or explained it better and it’s always a little late to make the changes because I really don’t see the vids until either they are out or a couple of hours before. That’s probably just as well.

  8. adrian on 15 January 2014 at 11:51 pm

    Thank’s so much, I always wanted to learn how to make my own custom plane for special cuts like shaving a concave surface.
    Now I am ready to practice what I have learned today.

  9. Dave on 15 January 2014 at 11:57 pm

    Greg, I’m a visual learner too. After watching Paul build this, I now know that there has been some mystery/stigma attached to these tools unnecessarily over the years. Like everything it boils down to accurate cuts, planing and shaping. I’ve got a hunk of beech and bubinga waiting to be turned into some hand planes. Do I need more planes? No, but now I know how to build them, so I will 🙂

  10. wilkinsb on 16 January 2014 at 5:09 am

    Paul I look forward week to week in anticipation for the next release eager to learn something more. This series has been very interesting to me and I can’t wait for its conclusion so that I have all the knowledge to begin one of my own. However, I find myself impatient waiting for how you make/shape the plane iron. Just curious it appears from the first two episodes that you already had a radius for the plane iron that you were going to use in the plane and the 3rd episode demonstrates how to shape the body of the plane to match. Is that the case here? The reason for my question is that at some point I would like to make some moulding planes of various shapes where making the irons and plane bodies would be a little more complex, but (I guess) the same principles you are imparting apply.

    You continue with your vast experience and easy style to make this look, too easy and that is what is making me want to get in the game. Thanks and keep going!

    • Charles Hart on 16 January 2014 at 9:49 am

      Bob there is a accompanying set of blog posts that cover some of what you are looking for. Go to the first video and below the download clip there is a link for the blogs. I believe this is it: I kept looking for the information on the blade and I couldn’t find it until I read the directions…so to speak

    • Paul Sellers on 16 January 2014 at 9:27 pm

      No, though I did have another plane, I gauged this one pretty much by eye to match the contour I wanted in the seat after I had roughed it out with the gouge on my first prototype. I actually wasn’t convinced at first that we shouldn’t just use the gouge and scraper to refine the shape of the seat but then I though it would be good to make a plane as part of the series. Now we’ve added a new skill set to progress other work down the road. You can make bowls this way too remember.

  11. Florian on 16 January 2014 at 9:50 am

    Thanks Paul. The virtual space in my yet unbuilt moulding plane cabinet starts to fill up in my mind 🙂
    @Bob: On you can already read the whole process of making the curved sole plane including the iron, so no need to waste time waiting 😉

  12. Charles Hart on 16 January 2014 at 9:54 am

    Paul I have wanted to make a wooden plane for a long time but just didn’t know how to start. I can make one now. As soon as I get over my broken shoulder I want to make a curved plane and try for a smoothing plane. Thank you for the getting me started,

  13. Sandy on 16 January 2014 at 8:11 pm

    I can see several specialty planes in my near future. Thanks for the instructions. Very good video.

  14. Paul Sellers on 16 January 2014 at 9:37 pm

    For those of you wanting a mechanism for adjusting other planes now you can. You could use the same plane making system on the video and install a Norris style mechanism. Veritas just came out with a very neat wooden hardware kit that includes very refined A2 steel cutting iron. Here is the link:,230,41182,46334

  15. constable415 on 19 January 2014 at 4:26 am

    how about Hollows & rounds ?

    • constable415 on 23 January 2014 at 1:33 am

      some get answers to questions some don’t I guess?

      • Dave on 23 January 2014 at 2:00 am

        Rodney, Phil answered in the Intro video on this,

        “Concerning hollows and rounds and moulding planes, we do not plan on covering them in this series, as that would add a whole range of complexities. We are planning on doing videos covering the refurbishment and sharpening of moulding planes in the near future. Thanks for all the great comments.”

  16. aintgonnahappen on 13 December 2015 at 9:59 am

    Man I wish I would have subscribed to all of this earlier..Dam my tight fisted ways. You guys run the best site I have ever been on. Thank you so much for this place.

  17. Frank Brown on 30 March 2021 at 3:30 am

    Thanks Paul! I plan to give this a go. I think you just provided me with a new hobby as well as a passion.

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