Making a Rebate Plane

Making a Rebate Plane-2

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Make yourself a rebate plane to use for your upcoming projects using materials you will probably have readily available. Paul goes into the details of making sure the wedge and blade fit accurately and how to use a chisel as the blade. Used in the picture frames project.


  1. Craig on 24 September 2014 at 4:52 pm

    THAT !,… deserves a round of Applause.
    Thank you,

  2. Kim (Sweden) on 24 September 2014 at 6:16 pm

    WOW! That was beautiful! I almost think I can make one.

    I’m wondering Paul if you and your team have any plans to doing a moldingplane?

    Thank you very much
    / Kim

  3. humanic on 24 September 2014 at 6:40 pm

    Paul and team,

    Definitely, from two years ago, on Wednesday has become my favorite day of the week.

    This master classes is sparking my inspiration all the time, absolutelly wonderful classes.

    Thanks for your great work an generosity.


  4. António on 24 September 2014 at 7:20 pm


  5. Gilbert Turner on 24 September 2014 at 7:21 pm

    Simply elegant……. Thank you.

  6. John Whittaker on 24 September 2014 at 7:52 pm

    Very nice Sir. I really learned something today. Thank you.

  7. caerlynnfibers on 24 September 2014 at 8:01 pm

    That sure smells of liberty !

    Kind Sir,

    I really do highly appreciate the sharing of knowledge that you do.

    Every single one of your lessons is a genuine pearl.

  8. Frank Salinas on 24 September 2014 at 8:33 pm

    Super! Thank you so much for your inspiring work.

  9. Autumn Doucet on 24 September 2014 at 8:58 pm

    Thank you, thank you, thank you. This is, indeed, a master class.

  10. lclaurie on 24 September 2014 at 9:05 pm

    The techniques are wonderful. (I’m in the process of making your workbench), but the best thing about this series is your reverence for the wood and for the skill to shape the wood.

  11. Jamie Duff on 24 September 2014 at 9:09 pm

    Absolutely fantastic video !!

  12. ebourgoine on 24 September 2014 at 9:14 pm

    Very good indeed! I know what I’ll be doing tomorrow… Thanks you guys so much.

  13. silenthill on 24 September 2014 at 9:19 pm

    Wonderful, can’t wait to make one and hopefully get the same pigtail shavings.

  14. Andrew Young on 24 September 2014 at 9:34 pm

    Really well done. Thank you for your time and effort that you put into the videos. They are enjoyable.

  15. Martin Ericson Borgh on 24 September 2014 at 9:46 pm

    Well paint me blue and call me Bob… Me thinks I’ll be making a plane this Christmas holiday but possibly a beading plane using the same principle. I could make several irons with different beads, or any other variants of moulding irons…
    At least if the shape isn’t to complicated you needn’t shape the underside of the plane to the iron which seems to be the most difficult point in making a moulding plane, right?
    Thanks a lot!

  16. Carlos J. Collazo on 24 September 2014 at 10:05 pm

    What a wonderful and practical project! Thank you.

  17. Rick Gatewood on 24 September 2014 at 10:17 pm


  18. Mike Williams on 24 September 2014 at 10:52 pm

    As always, Great video!
    I would also be interested in seeing how hollow and rounds are made.

  19. Eddy Flynn on 24 September 2014 at 11:34 pm

    i have a #78 but i would like to make one of these “poor mans rebate Plane’s if it bring half the smile it brought Paul i’d be happy another gift from the man that keeps giving Thank you

  20. STEVE MASSIE on 24 September 2014 at 11:40 pm

    Paul Thank You so much for this one, this is defiantly on my short list and thanks to you I have a new appreciation for The Big Box’s pine. I am so looking forward to the picture frame series.


  21. jorg blankenburg on 25 September 2014 at 12:38 am

    Just awesome!!!!

  22. menegatti71 on 25 September 2014 at 12:58 am

    One more item to the poor man’s tool box! Bravo!

  23. adrian on 25 September 2014 at 1:53 am

    I know what I’ll be making in my shop this weekend.
    My very own handmade wooden rebate plane. GREAT FUN and a very useful tool.
    Thanks, Paul you are the best!!!!

  24. dtwatts on 25 September 2014 at 2:21 am

    Being a poor college student, these “poor man’s” tools are a life saver!!! THANKS PAUL!!!!

  25. bit101 on 25 September 2014 at 3:12 am

    This may be your best video yet. Bravo. I couldn’t be more impressed.

  26. Salko Safic on 25 September 2014 at 3:14 am

    After watching this video I was excited for the first time I thought I could make myself a whole set of hollows and rounds and go even further with a collection of specialty moulding planes but my excitement came crashing down when I saw the prices of iron blanks on LN’s website. On average it would cost me around $400 for the blanks alone, I can buy a set of antique hollow and rounds for the same price. Just when you think your winning you get a reality check.

    Excellent video Paul I thoroughly enjoyed it.

    • Gav on 25 September 2014 at 10:09 am

      If you know any carpenters who throw out circular saw blades it is amazing how easily a blade blank can be cut out with a zip disc on a small grinder. Doing it carefully means there is little working required after and if you don’t overheat it I have found the edge retention to be very good without any retempering. The bigger the saw blade, the thicker the blank. I made a spokeshave replacement blade for an old stanley I have that had a worn out blade and it works a treat.

    • ballinger on 13 December 2017 at 11:26 pm

      I know this is an old post that I’m replying to but you could pick up some tool steel make your own irons and then harden and temper them yourself. A bit of work but it could be really nice in the end.

  27. randyrru on 25 September 2014 at 3:18 am

    Absolutely fantabulous and amazing! To think I could have invested all of my hard earned money (and a bit of time) in the “Poor Man’s” brand/line of tools, which give as comparable if not better results than some of my rather pricey high end tools, is, well…….rather humbling and astounding. Most of all it is inspiring as you have shown us that there really is very little holding us back from working in wood. Thank you yet again Mr. Sellers et al !!

  28. dano on 25 September 2014 at 3:25 am

    Awesome So much fun!!

  29. Maurice Villari on 25 September 2014 at 3:37 am

    Dear Paul,

    This sort of video is exactly what is needed to encourage people to start woodworking. You are single handedly empowering woodworkers around the globe with your “Poor Man” series. I think you should make a special heading in the project series.

    I thank you again for being an excellent teacher and mentor to thousands of people.

  30. Bhaskaran Menon on 25 September 2014 at 6:22 am


  31. Andrew Henderson on 25 September 2014 at 7:23 am

    Thank you Paul yet again for imparting your knowledge and shedding light on real woodworking!

  32. Iggy on 25 September 2014 at 8:19 am

    That was wonderful. I’m not sure why but that really put a smile on my face. Quite inspirational, thank you.

  33. tompslattery on 25 September 2014 at 11:10 am

    May be a stupid question, but what’s the difference between a rebate plane and a Plow plane?

    • Eddy Flynn on 25 September 2014 at 11:15 am

      not a stupid question Tom but a plow plane creates a groove with two walls and a flat base while a rebate plane creates a single wall with a flat base at right angles the best way i can explain

  34. ballinger on 25 September 2014 at 1:41 pm

    I enjoyed watching this, but when the fence was on and the plane set my tummy leaped for joy watching those shavings. It’s a rich man that has an experience of building such a tool and seeing it work. Marvelous.

    • bit101 on 25 September 2014 at 4:48 pm

      I feel like Paul was as excited as I was when that plane started working so beautifully on the first shot.

  35. abdunbar on 25 September 2014 at 6:58 pm

    thanks Paul, really liked that. Have been considering a shoulder plane but hesitating spending the money for it. maybe this would work. I wanted to cut a small cross grain rebate on the inside of tailboards.

  36. Jeff Porterfield on 26 September 2014 at 11:00 pm

    There is no adrenaline like this video. I found myself smiling…not just a small smile but ear to ear with the thought of being able to make my own tools! Brilliant. Absolutely, Brilliant! Thank you Paul, Joseph and all.

  37. david o'sullivan on 27 September 2014 at 12:56 am


  38. rasberrc on 27 September 2014 at 3:49 am

    Just phenomenal! The knowledge that you transfer is simply priceless!

  39. Mark Busby on 27 September 2014 at 8:28 am

    Absolutely brilliant Paul, I agree Craig a round of applause.

    Thank you

  40. aruumac on 27 September 2014 at 1:57 pm

    Those are skills. It would take me an hour just to chop the plane bed.

    So how do you make a router plane?

    • Philip Adams on 27 October 2014 at 11:14 am

      Have you seen the poor man’s router video on Paul’s youtube channel? If not, it’s worth watching.

  41. jannkark on 27 September 2014 at 3:06 pm

    Thank you very much Paul,

    It is astonishing how easily you can make a good plane just using just a srcap of wood and old chisel. Your enthusiasm for making things like that is absolutely fantastic to watch! Thank you for sharing that!

  42. Stumper on 28 September 2014 at 9:42 am

    Hi Paul, this is the first time I have ever felt the need to put a comment on a video that I have watched! That was the best and at the end of the video when you started to get the shavings slide out of the plane for some reason it made the hair on the back of neck stand on end! And even more I could see your excitement coming through as well. You have got to go on Youtube with this one. Thank you very much I will follow you to the end of the world!


    • Iggy on 28 September 2014 at 12:18 pm

      I agree with Stumper. In fact I was going to suggest it myself:

      Please take this video to YouTube it is by far the most inspirational video you have yet produced. I see it’s not just me – reading the comments above you somehow actually brought a smile to people’s faces. Who would have thought that possible watching a woodworking tutorial ?!!!

      Thanks again Paul.

  43. Bill Bennett on 28 September 2014 at 2:23 pm

    The man is an inspirational tutor, , why oh why has he not been given a TV programme, not only should he be, it would kick out one of the naff cookery shows that infest everything

  44. nickj on 28 September 2014 at 9:49 pm

    Hi Paul, thanks for the video.

    When I saw this I thought that this technique could be combined with the poor man’s router to make a router plane you could add and remove a chisel from with a wedge.

    It’s a bit tricky to set the depth on but works pretty well other than that.

    I’ve since learned that this is sort of a traditional construction for a Granny’s Tooth plane.

    Thanks for the inspiration.

  45. Mihai on 28 September 2014 at 10:33 pm

    This is why this site is rather a sanctuary than a public place…
    Thank you , master , for everything

  46. Tom Moore on 28 September 2014 at 11:45 pm

    Great video Paul love the way you did not tell us to go to a high end blade maker to buy an expensive blade before we make the plane.I will have a go at making one.
    Thanks. Tom Moore

  47. smokey101579 on 30 September 2014 at 3:10 pm

    Absolutely. Simple and very easy thank you

  48. berber5985 on 30 September 2014 at 9:56 pm

    Awesome job as always. Seems like this would be a nice carryover to making a moulding plane perhaps?? We’ve done the Small hollow plane when you made the stool, which sort of talks about shaping a making a blade, then the rabbet plane, which looks like with just a little bit more work and combining the skills the from both of these, you could make a set of hollows and rounds or even a full moulding plane ;). I’d love to see an episode on that. There companies that are making nice hollow and round sets of moulding planes out there, but they cost near $1000 for the set. And ebay is a crapshoot of rolling the dice on those types of planes.

  49. tonywest on 6 October 2014 at 9:42 am

    Quite superb – I agree with an earlier comment – come on Paul, get a TV slot – you would change so many peoples lives, as you have mine. 6 Months ago I would not have believed I could do what I now can, and I’ve lost 3 stone into the bargain because I am now active, with an interest and don’t spend my retirement time looking at and practising cooking programmes! I now use wood! What an enjoyment!!

  50. knightlylad on 6 October 2014 at 11:47 pm

    Thank you very much, great work as usual.

  51. mike melendrez on 9 October 2014 at 6:34 pm

    Thank You This shows the possibilities are endless. Any width you need and also shows the basic principal to make any plane. That was a wonderful video.

  52. sslavice on 13 October 2014 at 8:24 am

    Hi Paul!
    Great! It would be also nice to see how to make ” dovetail plane”
    Thank you. Sven

  53. Craig Gamble on 25 October 2014 at 11:23 pm

    Excellent video Paul, as always.

  54. wpollock on 26 October 2014 at 6:14 pm

    Another excellent tutorial Sir. Thanks!

    By the way: what is this ‘new’ knife you’re using?



  55. borojoiner on 29 October 2014 at 3:47 pm

    could you show how to sharpen the hand router cutter please as I have no idea on how to do this many thanks keep up the good work

  56. Anonymous on 10 November 2014 at 5:23 am

    That is so brilliant. And we all have old chisels and scrap laying around. My next project for sure.

  57. boiciuc ciprian on 23 November 2014 at 8:44 pm

    My next project! Thank you!

  58. Derek Long on 23 November 2014 at 10:05 pm

    I just got around to watching this fantastic video. I just couldn’t help but smile when those shavings started peeling out. The only problem now is that it is too cold in my Colorado garage to make one! I have to wait till Spring.

    Thanks, Paul.

  59. Charles Cleland on 28 November 2014 at 11:33 pm

    This might be my favorite video yet. Paul amazes me every time he simplifies something that looks so complex! +1 for the request for hollows and round plane construction, or simple molding planes.

  60. Mark A Greene on 29 December 2014 at 6:56 am

    In order to make the fence last longer, could you use brass inserts in the body of the plane to hold the fence on?

    • dborn on 30 December 2014 at 10:33 am

      I don’t see any reason why you couldn’t. Or even just use a denser wood like white oak or hard maple.

  61. Andy Johnson on 24 February 2015 at 6:33 am

    Absolutely wonderful! So fun to watch. Thanks!

  62. muhammad on 28 February 2015 at 10:58 pm

    Pure genius!

  63. Joshua Brannen on 10 March 2015 at 11:13 pm

    Excellent video! Thank you for all you do to instruct people on the craft of woodworking! Can’t wait to try this!

  64. telek on 23 March 2015 at 3:49 am

    awesome!!, i had seen others make a rabbet but not as pristine as yours, even though its in pine!, and your explanation is unmatched. The best teacher is Paul Sellers.

  65. Thomas Angle on 7 April 2015 at 5:19 pm

    I made this plane and it worked great. The only problem is I followed you chisel sharpening video and got the chisel a little too sharp. When making the plane my thumb got in the way and I had to make a trip to the doctors office for a glue job.

    • raze599 on 7 April 2015 at 7:45 pm

      I once slipped and jabbed a chisel quite hard into my thumb. Looked worse than it felt lol

      Another time I was sharpening all my chisels and putting them to the side once I sharpened them. One of them fell and slashed the side of my foot. The scar is still there after all these months.

  66. Sami R on 8 April 2015 at 5:50 pm

    I would add a fence on the side too. A large flathead screw that is filed sharp might make a working nicker? If not you could inlay a spear pointed piece of steel on the side and hold it down with two screws on the sides or make a slot in the middle of the steel and put a screw through it. It would be easily lifted up when cutting with the grain. I would call this tool the economical man’s fillister plane!

    • Frank Joseph on 8 April 2015 at 11:21 pm

      Hi Sami
      You can make nickers from a Saber saw (jig saw) blade.
      Grind the teeth off shape it , cut a saw kerf in line and anchor the blade with a small screw

      • telek on 21 May 2015 at 8:53 pm

        Indeed, I have done that and those little blades keep a very good egde, for very long. I made a kebiki (marking gauge) with that blade and haven’t so far been in the need for resharpening it.

  67. telek on 21 May 2015 at 9:02 pm

    Outstanding video Paul, I’m goint to make one Rebate and then a Filister plane with this same technique, but instead of using a chisel, i will try to cut in half the replacement blade of a #4 plane.

  68. Jose Luis Orellano on 27 July 2015 at 6:25 pm

    Great video!! Thanks a lot for the masterclass…

    Saludos desde Puerto Rico!!!

  69. jakegevorgian on 16 August 2015 at 5:28 am


  70. Frank Brown on 17 August 2015 at 3:04 pm

    A true work of art!!

  71. arnold on 26 August 2015 at 8:31 pm

    hey paul, its me arnold the old time plumber , would you belived I just followed you and made one of those planes and you nwhat?>? it works perfectly thanks again paul. this wood working is making me very happy.

  72. Ian Price on 4 September 2015 at 12:40 am

    Superb..!!! i have to agree with all the other comments, this is just priceless,
    i was thrilled to see how well it worked , cant wait to make one,
    Keep up the good work to paul and all the team… thank you..

  73. Ray Capararo on 4 September 2015 at 11:06 am

    Absolutely impressed, I intend to try and make this.

  74. robert lindh on 12 September 2015 at 2:56 am

    What a GREAT video….outstanding!!!!!

  75. tomleg on 12 September 2015 at 9:03 am

    This is fabulous, Paul! Watching those spiral curls of shaving peel off the plane is inspiring!

    I like the idea that you can make short planes, long planes, whatever special size you need. Pine is easy to work while I’m learning, later on a harder wood will leave tools for later generations.


  76. Timb Bennett on 18 September 2015 at 1:24 am

    I firmly believe this is your best video Paul. Such a wonderful topic, making something few would imagine could be so easily created in the shop. But the best thing about this video is how infectious Paul ‘s excitement is.

    This was the perfect combination of informative, inspirational and entertaining.

  77. Chris Smith on 19 September 2015 at 12:53 pm

    Fantastic! Thank you!

  78. petervalcanas on 27 September 2015 at 12:30 am

    Thanks so much for this Paul. I went at it hap hazardly because to be honest I didn’t think I could pull it off but to my amazement it worked beautifully and I had a smile so large I thought my head would split in two. Now I think I’ll make another only I’ll do a better job on it’s appearance. and maybe add a depth gauge.

    Thanks again,

  79. Pierluigi Ugolotti on 28 September 2015 at 2:36 pm

    Great craftmanship and unique teaching ability. I can watch Mr. Sellers videos for hours and hours.
    “This is REAL woodworking!” (cit.)

  80. Pierluigi Ugolotti on 30 September 2015 at 6:28 pm

    Just finished my poor man’s rebate plane. Looks like the one by Mr. Sellers, but mine only produce nasty, uneven shavings 🙁
    Anyway, A very instructive (and constructive) exercise.
    Thank you Mr. Sellers.

  81. moristar on 27 October 2015 at 1:14 pm

    Pure joy of creation. Thank you a lot.

  82. Jeff Novak on 2 November 2015 at 12:43 am

    Once again, Paul shows what a master he really is. I watched this today and just had to attempt one myself. It wasn’t quite as good but works quite well and I know I will make another with even better results…thanks so much for the fantastic instruction and the inspiration.

  83. Robert Smith on 5 November 2015 at 3:40 pm

    Thank you sir. You make it all look so easy I have to try several times to get it right . makes good practice

  84. Alexandre Huynh on 8 November 2015 at 5:24 am

    Wonderful! Brilliant, simple, useful. Many thanks for such inspirational teaching!

  85. Robert Smith on 11 November 2015 at 4:25 pm

    Thank you Paul I made my first rebate plane it took a lot of refining but i finaly got it to work. there is a little more refining to do with the wast port . Need to do some sharpining to . thanks so very much Bob

  86. Mike Gander on 15 November 2015 at 9:46 pm

    Poetry in motion! Thank you, Paul. Now, where can I get me one on those wonderful router planes…or can you make one of those as well?

  87. Joseph Palas on 5 December 2015 at 1:57 am

    Everytime I watch the last minute of this video I grin shamelessly. BRAVO!

  88. Michael.r1 on 10 December 2015 at 1:10 am

    I really find that the idea of making your own tools like the old masters did long ago is very educational. I would love to see more on making bench planes like a jointer or smoothing plane.

  89. billlatt on 14 January 2016 at 2:31 am

    This video illustrates perfectly the reason I am a member. Just awesome!

  90. Brian Gulotta on 2 March 2016 at 6:55 pm

    Awesome Video Paul…Made me a fully functional plane out of an old 2×4….I think it is time to make a more permanent version out of beech.

  91. hamit ali on 22 July 2016 at 1:46 pm

    good job

  92. larryl49 on 24 November 2016 at 8:40 pm

    Hi great lesson very informative and looks easy, if we stick t,o your instructions.
    Guess what the grandchildren and wife are getting for Christmas.
    Regards Larry.

  93. docbenoit on 6 April 2018 at 7:25 pm

    I love this plane. However, I do not like planning against the grain. My first plane was “right handed” by which I mean the blade was on the right side of the plane. Because Paul made it so easy to make these planes, I also made a “left handed” plane which I use when the grain is going against me when I use the “right handed” plane. You can use the same chisel blade or buy a second chisel and use its blade. I did the latter because the wedge does not fit tight without a blade and I did not want to lose the wedge.

  94. Kevin Herman on 22 July 2018 at 7:18 am

    Paul, you are the king. This is great. Can’t wait to try it.

  95. Michael Schreiber on 7 April 2019 at 5:50 pm

    Well, I made my plane, and got it to where it cuts a pretty decent rebate. Takes considerable fiddling to get the depth of cut shallow enough. (around 1/64″ or less at a pass.) Cutting a 1/4″ rebate with a 1/2″ sharp chisel, bevel-down to the 45 degree bedding side of the recess. Problem I’m having is that my shavings seem to want to come off in a tight roll rather than the pigtail spiral that Paul gets on the video. I’ve fiddled with the curved cut-out on the end of the wedge to the point that I may need to make a new wedge. Noticed that the end of that taper is very fractious. Should the wedge be made of a harder wood than the pine plane body to help? Wondering if the face of that shaving-ejector be square to the cutter edge, or skewed to the outside to form the pigtail shavings? Any ideas appreciated. Mike

  96. Larry Geib on 7 April 2019 at 6:07 pm

    About 32 minutes into the video Paul demonstrates the scooped feather edge taper that should cleanly eject the shaving out the side. He used pine.

    If the very tip seems fragile, you can make a steeper secondary bevel in the last 1/8” or so and the shavings will still eject just fine.

  97. Alec Cicciarella on 22 January 2020 at 3:57 am

    What are the signs that the plane needs to be replaced? Also do you have any videos on using chisels I’m having trouble being accurate with them and getting an accurate depth such as in mortising hinges on a box. Ive also heard Paul talk about reading the grain when using chisels what does that mean?

    Thanks Alec

  98. Brian Halbert on 27 April 2021 at 6:10 pm

    For anyone else that finds them helpful, here are the dimensions Paul used. As he says, any of these could be changed as you see fit.

    Plane Body:
    1 1/4 by 2 3/4 by 10 (30 x 70 x 250 mm)

    Wedge Piece (before cutting):
    5/8 by 2 1/4 by 10 (15 x 55 x 250 mm)

    3/8 by 1 1/4 by 10 inches


    • Parker White on 12 November 2021 at 2:40 am

      When you gave the dimensions for the body and wedge, is it in inches or metric?

  99. Larry Geib on 13 November 2021 at 1:27 am

    Paul gives dimensions for all the parts in both metric and Imperial/UNC.

    Stick with one system and you will be fine.

  100. ejvc on 18 November 2021 at 11:41 pm

    This is just a fantastic video. Oh yeah, I really want to make one of these!

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