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In this episode Paul lays out the mortise holes for the long front and back frames in the end frame posts. Paul chops the shallow mortises, using the router plane to finalise the depths, and discusses the need to work as accurately as possible.
While using the stop cut method, Paul also suggests the option of using the bandsaw to cut the shapes. Paul then cleans up the surface grain using the flat-bottomed spokeshave, a technique that is used to refine both stop cut and bandsaw methods. The tops of the posts require final shaping and finishing and Paul shows the correct way to shape this final element. The top rails are also shaped and Paul takes you step by step through the process, using the scrub and jack planes followed by the #80 scraper and card scraper, before the final glue up and assembly.