1. Another trick I learned for drilling a hole horizontally level, as done at 32 minutes into this video, is to use a ring (such as a wedding band) on the shaft of the drill bit. When you drill level, the ring stays in one place. tilting the drill uphill or down causes the ring to move forward or back. Strive to keep the ring from moving. It accomplishes the same as the measuring stick without stopping to check so often.

  2. The rail spindles started off with the bump or bulge centered on their length. They are cut to length on just one side, and that means the bump isn’t on center any more, by about an inch. It’s probably more visually pleasing to have that bump off center like this. Paul didn’t mention anything, but I wonder if he was deliberately starting from the back leg on both sides so that both sides have the bulge displaced in the same direction? Maybe on such a long piece you can’t see the small effect.

  3. Hi Paul,

    I’m a beginner, so things that seem big to me make me question when you’re so calm.

    When boring the hole in the leg at 35:00, the brace breaks out some of the fibers. You say not to worry about it, I totally trust you there, but is the plan that sanding will smooth it out and it won’t be noticeable? I’m still developing my sense in what type of tearout I can deal with and move on without cursing.

    Thanks for all you.

    1. Ryan,

      Paul makes a statement that he will clean up the broken fibers with card scraper before finishing. Generally speaking cutting of joinery is done after shaping, but before final surface prep so in this way Paul has a chance to remedy minor imperfections that the workpiece sustained while the joinery was being cut. I do hope this is helpful.

    2. A little tip to avoid this type of tear-out is to put a couple wraps of painters tape tightly on the leg prior to either lay-out or drilling (it usually pretty easy to find your starter hole through the tape. The tape provides just enough support for the surface fibers to keep them from pulling loose as you start the hole.

  4. This is exciting and can’t wait to be able to start on this one, this will make a nice Fall / Winter project.

    I am nervous about getting the angles right, but Paul once again gives alternatives, thanks for this.


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